There are long sections of the Old Testament that are difficult to take in. Exodus 21 and 22 fit this bill. They deal with Ancient Hebrew societal issues, like “what happens when your ox kills someone?” or “what do you do with a slave master who kills his slave?”
It’s uncomfortable to read about slavery in the Bible and realize that there is no sentence that says, “Just don’t have slaves.” or to read that the death penalty was delivered with relative liberality for all kinds of community issues.
All these difficult things fall under the Law of Moses, the list of rules for life that God deliver to His people through Moses, His messenger.
They are a completely unattainable catalog of regulations. There is no way for any person to fulfill every part of the law completely.
This means that everyone is subject to the judgment of God.
But Romans 8 let’s us in on an incredible fact. There is a new Law, one that looses our chains from obligation to the Old Testament Law, and binds us to the life giving Spirit of God. Romans 8:1 and following:
There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
Through Jesus, God did what the Law could not do: pay for our entry into the Kingdom, provide for our salvation, and purchase our redemption from sin. Jesus paid for our freedom from the condemnation of the Law. He paid it all. So when we read the Law through the lens of the Gospel, we don’t need to see a list of guilt-producing, unattainable rules, but a reminder of God’s standard of righteousness that Jesus fulfilled and imparted to us.
In other words, We praise the One who paid our debts and raised our lives up from the dead. Jesus!