Psalm 110 is full of Messianic imagery (pictures of Christ). In fact, there is no Psalm that is quoted more in the New Testament. Instead of talking about this Psalm, I want to give you the whole passage, all the places where it is quoted in the New Testament, and a link to a sermon by D.A. Carson that sheds light on how this Psalm points so vividly to Jesus. Here’s the Psalm:
A Psalm of David.
1 The Lord says to my Lord:
“Sit at my right hand,
until I make your enemies your footstool.”
2 The Lord sends forth from Zion
your mighty scepter.
Rule in the midst of your enemies!
3 Your people will offer themselves freely
on the day of your power,
in holy garments;
from the womb of the morning,
the dew of your youth will be yours.
4 The Lord has sworn
and will not change his mind,
“You are a priest forever
after the order of Melchizedek.”
5 The Lord is at your right hand;
he will shatter kings on the day of his wrath.
6 He will execute judgment among the nations,
filling them with corpses;
he will shatter chiefs
over the wide earth.
7 He will drink from the brook by the way;
therefore he will lift up his head.
Are you ready for this? By verse, Psalm 110 is quoted or referenced in:
Verse 1: Matthew 22:44, Matthew 26:64, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42-43, Acts 2:34-35, 1 Corinthians 15:25, Ephesians 1:20-22, Colossians 3:1, Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 1:13, Hebrew 2:8, Hebrews 8:1, Hebrews 10:12-13, Hebrews 12:2, 1 Peter 3:22
Verse 3: Revelation 19:14
Verse 6: Revelation 19:17-18
That’s 26 references in 7 verses. Only two verses from this Psalm are not referenced in the New Testament, and every other verse is directly quoted at least once. This is an important Psalm to read and meditate on.
And, if you need help sorting out all the Melchizedek stuff, here is D.A. Carson’s sermon from the most recent Gospel Coalition Conference, entitled, Getting Excited About Melchizedek.